The beginnings of Naples’ history date all the way back to the 7th century BC, when the settlement was founded by the Greeks. It grew under Greek rule in its early years, but was claimed by the Romans a few centuries later, and they used it as a vacation town; numerous Romans had second holiday homes in Naples. In its time, many have fought over Naples and its land passed from Byzantines to Norman rule as the Kingdom of Sicily. Naples has also been owned by Spain and Austria, but finally fell under Italian rule in 1860. Naples today is one of Italy’s grittier cities, meaning it doesn’t get as many visitors as Rome, Milan, or Venice. It still sees a fair amount of tourist traffic, but it can be a little quieter than other Italian hotspots. Popular Attractions
As Naples has been such a hotbed of activity over the centuries, it will come as no surprise to learn that there are many historical attractions here. One of the most popular things to do in Naples is the take a day trip to visit the ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum, the towns that were devastated by the eruption of nearby volcano Vesuvius in AD 79. Walk among the ruins and hear the story of this tragedy, a pivotal moment in local history. The Naples National Archaeological Museum is a good spot in center of Naples to learn about the excavations of both Pompeii and Herculaneum. This museum houses one of the best collection of Roman artefacts on the planet, so pair this up with a day trip to the towns themselves to really learn about the eruption of Vesuvius and what it left behind. Naples is as beautiful underground as it is over ground. Make sure you take a walk through the historic center of Naples, but also look into taking a tour of the city that lies beneath. There is a huge network of tunnels under the streets of Naples, fascinating remnants of ancient civilization well worth visiting. Food
There is only one word that springs to mind when thinking about food in Naples, and that’s pizza. This city is the home of some of the very best pizza on the planet, so you really must try some during your time here. There are many restaurants all over the city that serve up excellent Neapolitan pizza, but ask a local if you want some recommendations about particularly special places. For dessert, pick up a sfogliatella, Naples’ signature pastry - layers of thin flaky pastry filled with ricotta cheese. Transport
Naples Airport serves many destinations around Italy and the rest of Europe, as well as one or two scheduled flights to popular destinations in North Africa. For connections from elsewhere, you would need to change in a major European city such as London, Paris, Munich, or Milan. Tips for Travelers
Depending on how much you like to walk, you can see a lot of Naples on foot. However, there will no doubt be at least one day during your stay that you’ll need to look to public transport for help. Naples has a good bus and subway network, and the combination of both should get you just about anywhere you need to go. Consider buying a day ticket, which can be used on a combination of all public transport systems. The Campania ArteCard is a Naples tourism card that will give you access to many of the sights in town, including the National Archaeological Museum and attractions around Pompeii and Herculaneum. Three and seven day passes are also available and include free public transport. Napoli is in general a safe city, but there are parts that you will want to avoid. Trains stations at night in Italy aren’t where you want to be, and for further information on places to avoid you should ask the staff at your hotel. That said, normally pickpocketing is the only problem and personal safety isn’t an issue. Fun Facts
Not only is the pizza simply great in Naples, the dish was actually invented in the city. The name ‘Naples’ came from the Greek ‘Neapolis’, which means ‘new city’. Naples is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world.